A Documented History Of the Massacre which occured at Rosewood, Florida, in January
1923, was submitted to the Florida Board of Regents
on December 22, 1993 from The Rosewood Report
A burning cabin near Rosewood, Florida,
January 04, 1923
Lynching unknown man
Evangelist Nathaniel Scippio,
Church of God by Faith
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A Chronology of Events
Four black men in McClenny are removed
from the local jail
and lynched for the alleged rape of a white
Two whites and at least five blacks are killed
in Ocoee in a dispute over voting rights. The black community
of Ocoee is destroyed, 25 homes, 2 churches, and a
A black man in Wauchula is lynched
for an alleged attack on a white woman.
A black man in Perry is burned
at the stake, accused of
the murder of a white school teacher. A black
church, school, Masonic Lodge, and meeting hall are
On New Year's Eve a large
Ku Klux Klan Parade is held in Gainesville.
Early morning: Fannie Taylor reports an attack by an unidentified black man.
Monday afternoon: Aaron Carrier is apprehended
by a posse and is spirited out of the area by
Late afternoon: A posse of white vigilantes
apprehend and kill a black man named Sam Carter.
Armed whites begin gathering in Sumner.
Late evening: White vigilantes
attack the Carrier house.
Two white men are killed, and several others
wounded. A black woman, Sarah Carrier is killed and
others inside the Carrier house are either killed or wounded.
Rosewood's black residents flee into the swamps.
One black church is burned, and several unprotected
Lexie Gordon, a black citizen of Rosewood, is murdered.
Approximately 200-300 white men from surrounding areas
begin to converge on Rosewood. The negro section is destroyed by fire.
Mingo Williams is murdered.
Governor Cary Hardee is notified, and Sheriff Walker
reports that he fears "no further disorder."
The Sheriff of Alachua County arrives in Rosewood to
assist Sheriff Walker.
James Carrier is murdered.
A train evacuates refugees, the Rosewood families, to Archer and Gainesville.
A mob of 100-150 whites return to Rosewood and burn the remaining structures.
A black man in Newberry is convicted of stealing cattle.
He is removed from his cell and lynched by local whites.
A Grand Jury convenes in Bronson to investigate the Rosewood riot.
The Grand Jury finds "insufficient evidence" to prosecute.
The first mention of the Rosewood riot in a religious
publications, by Nathaniel Scippio and his wife Delia,
in the Church of God by Faith Handbook, 2nd Edition.
Gary Moore and Joe Tonelli, published the first detailed account
of the massaere to reach the general public,
Floridan, St. Peresburg Times Newspaper
The Rosewood Family Reunion was established in Lacoochee, Florida.
FOR EXTENSIVE DETAILS OF THE TRAGEDY VISIT
THE ROSEWOOD REPORT
Cummer & Sons Sawmill in Sumner as it was in the